Wolff, M. J., Akyurek, E. G., Stokes, M. G. (2021). What is the functional role of delay-related alpha oscillations during working memory?. PsyArXiv

Hall-McMaster, S., Stokes, M. G., Myers, N. E. (2021). Integrating reward information for prospective behaviour. BioRxiv


Muhle-Karbe, P. S., Flesch, T. (2020). Complementary Brain Signals for Categorical Decisions. Journal of Neuroscience, Vol.40, 30.

Boncicova, A., Olivers, C. N. L., Stokes, G. M., Manohar, S. G. (2020). A common neural network architecture for visual search and working memory. Visual Cognition.

Stokes, G. M., Muhle-Karbe, P. S., Myers, N. E. (2020). Theoretical distinction between functional states in working memory and their corresponding neural states. Visual Cognition.

Hajonides, J.E., van Ede, F., Stokes, M.G., Nobre, A.C. (2020). Comparing the prioritization of items and feature-dimensions in visual working memory. Journal of Vision, Vol.20, 25.

Hajonides, J.E., Nobre, A.C., van Ede, F., Stokes, M.G. (2020). Decoding visual colour from scalp electroencephalography measurements. bioRxiv, 228437.

Pike, A.C., Printzlau, F., von Lautz, A.H., Harmer, C.J., Stokes, M.G., Noonan, M.P. (2020). Attentional Control in Subclinical Anxiety and Depression: Depression Symptoms Are Associated With Deficits in Target Facilitation, Not Distractor Inhibition. Frontiers in Psychology.

Boettcher, S. P. E., Stokes G. M., Nobre, A. C., van Ede F. (2020). One thing leads to another: anticipating visual object identity based on associative-memory templates. Journal of Neuroscience.

Tankelevitch L., Spaak E., Rushworth FS M., Stokes G. M. (2020). Previously reward-associated stimuli capture spatial attention in the absence of changes in the corresponding sensory representations as measured with MEG. Journal of Neuroscience.

Muhle-Karbe, P. S., Myers, N. E., Stokes G. M. (2020). A hierarchy of functional states in working memory. BioRxiv.

Wolff, J. M., Jochim, J., Akyurek, G. E., Buschman, J. T., Stokes G. M. (2020). Drifting codes within a stable coding scheme for working memory. PLoS biology, 18(3), e3000625.

Wolff, J. M., Kandemir, G., Stokes, G. M., Akyürek E. G. (2020). Unimodal and bimodal access to sensory working memories by auditory and visual impulses. Journal of Neuroscience, 40(3), 671-681.


Nobre, A. C., Stokes G. M. (2019). Premembering Experience:A Hierarchy of Time-Scales for Proactive Attention. Neuron 104(1), 132-146.

Printzlau, F., Myers, E. N., Muhle-Karbe, P. S., Manohar, S., Stokes G. M. (2019). Prospective task knowledge improves working memory-guided behaviour. PsyArXiv.

van Ede, F., Chekroud, S. R., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2019). Concurrent visual and motor selection during visual working memory guided action. Nature Neuroscience, 22, 477–483.

Hall-McMaster, S., Muhle-Karbe,P. S., Myers, N. E., & Stokes, M. G. (2019). Reward boosts neural coding of task rules to optimise cognitive flexibility. Journal of Neuroscience 39(43),8549-8561.


Noonan, M. P., Crittenden, B. M., Jensen, O., & Stokes, M. G. (2018). Selective inhibition of distracting input. Behavioural brain research, 355, 36-47.

Wasmuht, D. F., Spaak, E., Buschman, T. J., Miller, E. K., & Stokes, M. G. (2018). Intrinsic neuronal dynamics predict distinct functional roles during working memory. Nature communications, 9(1), 3499.

van Ede, F., Chekroud, S. R., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2018). Decoding the influence of anticipatory states on visual perception in the presence of temporal distractors. Nature communications, 9(1), 1449.

Vidaurre, D., Myers, N., Stokes, M., Nobre, A. C., & Woolrich, M. W. (2018). Temporally unconstrained decoding reveals consistent but time-varying stages of stimulus processing. bioRxiv, 260943.


Yankouskaya, A., Humphreys, G., Stolte, M., Stokes, M. G., Moradi, Z., & Sui, J. (2017). An anterior–posterior axis within the ventromedial prefrontal cortex separates self and reward. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 12(12), 1859-1868.

Myers, N. E., Chekroud, S. R., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2017). Benefits of flexible prioritization in working memory can arise without costs.

Myers, N. E., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2017). Prioritizing information during working memory: beyond sustained internal attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 21(6), 449-461.

Wolff, M. J., Jochim, J., Akyürek, E. G., & Stokes, M. G. (2017). Dynamic hidden states underlying working-memory-guided behavior. Nature neuroscience, 20(6), 864.

Spaak, E., Watanabe, K., Funahashi, S., & Stokes, M. G. (2017). Stable and dynamic coding for working memory in primate prefrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 3364-16.

Stokes, M. G., Buschman, T. J., & Miller, E. K. (2017). Cognitive Control. The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Control, 221.


Stokes, M., & Spaak, E. (2016). The Importance of single-trial analyses in cognitive neuroscience. Trends in cognitive sciences, 20(7), 483-486.

Maron, E., Near, J., Wallis, G., Stokes, M., Matthews, P. M., & Nutt, D. J. (2016). A pilot study of the effect of short-term escitalopram treatment on brain metabolites and gamma-oscillations in healthy subjects.

Noonan, M. P., Adamian, N., Pike, A., Printzlau, F., Crittenden, B. M., & Stokes, M. G. (2016). Distinct mechanisms for distractor suppression and target facilitation. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(6), 1797-1807.


Myers, N. E., Rohenkohl, G., Wyart, V., Woolrich, M. W., Nobre, A. C., & Stokes, M. G. (2015). Testing sensory evidence against mnemonic templates. Elife, 4, e09000.

Stokes, M. G., Wolff, M. J., & Spaak, E. (2015). Decoding rich spatial information with high temporal resolution. Trends in cognitive sciences, 19(11), 636-638.

Wallis, G., Stokes, M., Cousijn, H., Woolrich, M., & Nobre, A. C. (2015). Frontoparietal and cingulo-opercular networks play dissociable roles in control of working memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(10), 2019-2034.

Wolff, M. J., Ding, J., Myers, N. E., & Stokes, M. G. (2015). Revealing hidden states in visual working memory using electroencephalography. Frontiers in systems neuroscience, 9, 123.

Stokes, M. G. (2015). ‘Activity-silent’ working memory in prefrontal cortex: a dynamic coding framework. Trends in cognitive sciences, 19(7), 394-405.

Myers, N. E., Walther, L., Wallis, G., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2015). Temporal dynamics of attention during encoding versus maintenance of working memory: complementary views from event-related potentials and alpha-band oscillations. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 27(3), 492-508.

Wallis, G., Stokes, M. G., Arnold, C., & Nobre, A. C. (2015). Reward boosts working memory encoding over a brief temporal window. Visual Cognition, 23(1-2), 291-312.

Mento, G., Tarantino, V., Vallesi, A., & Bisiacchi, P. S. (2015). Spatiotemporal neurodynamics underlying internally and externally driven temporal prediction: a high spatial resolution ERP study. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 27(3), 425-439.


Poliakov, E., Stokes, M. G., Woolrich, M. W., Mantini, D., & Astle, D. E. (2014). Modulation of alpha power at encoding and retrieval tracks the precision of visual short-term memory. Journal of neurophysiology, 112(11), 2939-2945.

Stokes, M. G., Myers, N. E., Turnbull, J., & Nobre, A. C. (2014). Preferential encoding of behaviorally relevant predictions revealed by EEG. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 687.

Kuo, B. C., Stokes, M. G., Murray, A. M., & Nobre, A. C. (2014). Attention biases visual activity in visual short-term memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 26(7), 1377-1389.

Cousijn, H., Haegens, S., Wallis, G., Near, J., Stokes, M. G., Harrison, P. J., & Nobre, A. C. (2014). Resting GABA and glutamate concentrations do not predict visual gamma frequency or amplitude. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201321072.

Myers, N. E., Stokes, M. G., Walther, L., & Nobre, A. C. (2014). Oscillatory brain state predicts variability in working memory. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(23), 7735-7743.

Morin, E. L., Hadj-Bouziane, F., Stokes, M., Ungerleider, L. G., & Bell, A. H. (2014). Hierarchical encoding of social cues in primate inferior temporal cortex. Cerebral Cortex, 25(9), 3036-3045.

Astle, D. E., Harvey, H., Stokes, M., Mohseni, H., Nobre, A. C., & Scerif, G. (2014). Distinct neural mechanisms of individual and developmental differences in VSTM capacity. Developmental psychobiology, 56(4), 601-610.

Voets, N. L., Zamboni, G., Stokes, M. G., Carpenter, K., Stacey, R., & Adcock, J. E. (2014). Aberrant functional connectivity in dissociable hippocampal networks is associated with deficits in memory. Journal of Neuroscience, 34(14), 4920-4928.

Stokes, M., & Duncan, J. (2014). Dynamic brain states for preparatory attention and working memory. In The Oxford Handbook of Attention.


Nelissen, N., Stokes, M., Nobre, A. C., & Rushworth, M. F. (2013). Frontal and parietal cortical interactions with distributed visual representations during selective attention and action selection. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(42), 16443-16458.

Kadohisa, M., Petrov, P., Stokes, M., Sigala, N., Buckley, M., Gaffan, D., … & Duncan, J. (2013). Dynamic construction of a coherent attentional state in a prefrontal cell population. Neuron, 80(1), 235-246.

De Gardelle, V., Stokes, M. G., Johnen, V. M., Wyart, V., & Summerfield, C. (2013). Overlapping multivoxel patterns for two levels of visual expectation. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 7, 158.

Stokes, M. G., Kusunoki, M., Sigala, N., Nili, H., Gaffan, D., & Duncan, J. (2013). Dynamic coding for cognitive control in prefrontal cortex. Neuron, 78(2), 364-375.

Murray, A. M., Nobre, A. C., Clark, I. A., Cravo, A. M., & Stokes, M. G. (2013). Attention restores discrete items to visual short-term memory. Psychological science, 24(4), 550-556.

Maizey, L., Allen, C. P., Dervinis, M., Verbruggen, F., Varnava, A., Kozlov, M., … & Hounsell, C. A. (2013). Comparative incidence rates of mild adverse effects to transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clinical neurophysiology, 124(3), 536-544.

Myers, N., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2013). Spontaneous alpha oscillations predict encoding in visual short-term memory.[Conference Paper]


Stokes, M. G., Barker, A. T., Dervinis, M., Verbruggen, F., Maizey, L., Adams, R. C., & Chambers, C. D. (2012). Biophysical determinants of transcranial magnetic stimulation: effects of excitability and depth of targeted area. Journal of neurophysiology, 109(2), 437-444.

Murray, A. M., Nobre, A. C., Astle, D. E., & Stokes, M. G. (2012). Lacking control over the trade-off between quality and quantity in visual short-term memory. PloS one, 7(8), e41223.

Luckhoo, H., Hale, J. R., Stokes, M. G., Nobre, A. C., Morris, P. G., Brookes, M. J., & Woolrich, M. W. (2012). Inferring task-related networks using independent component analysis in magnetoencephalography. Neuroimage, 62(1), 530-541.

Bridge, H., Harrold, S., Holmes, E. A., Stokes, M., & Kennard, C. (2012). Vivid visual mental imagery in the absence of the primary visual cortex. Journal of neurology, 259(6), 1062-1070.

Cai, W., George, J. S., Chambers, C. D., Stokes, M. G., Verbruggen, F., & Aron, A. R. (2012). Stimulating deep cortical structures with the batwing coil: How to determine the intensity for transcranial magnetic stimulation using coil–cortex distance. Journal of neuroscience methods, 204(2), 238-241.

Stokes, M. G., Atherton, K., Patai, E. Z., & Nobre, A. C. (2012). Long-term memory prepares neural activity for perception. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(6), E360- E367.

Rodriguez, V., Thompson, R., Stokes, M., Brett, M., Alvarez, I., Valdes-Sosa, M., & Duncan, J. (2012). Absence of face-specific cortical activity in the complete absence of awareness: converging evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging and event-related potentials. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(2), 396-415.

Stokes, M. G. (2012). The capacity and precision of visual short term memory (Doctoral dissertation, University of Oxford).

Kuo, B. C., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2012). Attention modulates maintenance of representations in visual short-term memory. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 24(1), 51-60.


Nobre, A. C., Rohenkohl, G., & Stokes, M. G. (2011). Nervous Anticipation. Cognitive neuroscience of attention, 159.

Varnava, A., Stokes, M. G., & Chambers, C. D. (2011). Reliability of the ‘observation of movement’method for determining motor threshold using transcranial magnetic stimulation. Journal of neuroscience methods, 201(2), 327-332.

Stokes, M., Saraiva, A., Rohenkohl, G., & Nobre, A. C. (2011). Imagery for shapes activates position-invariant representations in human visual cortex. Neuroimage, 56(3), 1540-1545.

Nobre, A. C., & Stokes, M. G. (2011). Attention and short-term memory: crossroads.

Stokes, M. G. (2011). Top-down visual activity underlying VSTM and preparatory attention. Neuropsychologia, 49(6), 1425-1427.

Murray, A. M., Nobre, A. C., & Stokes, M. G. (2011). Markers of preparatory attention predict visual short-term memory performance. Neuropsychologia, 49(6), 1458-1465.

Stokes, M. (2011). The spatiotemporal structure of population coding in monkey parietal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(4), 1167-1169.

Cotti, J., Rohenkohl, G., Stokes, M., Nobre, A. C., & Coull, J. T. (2011). Functionally dissociating temporal and motor components of response preparation in left intraparietalsulcus. Neuroimage, 54(2), 1221-1230.


Stokes, M., Thompson, R., Nobre, A. C., & Duncan, J. (2009). Shape-specific preparatory activity mediates attention to targets in human visual cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(46), 19569-19574.

Murray, A. M., Kuo, B. C., Stokes, M. G., & Nobre, A. C. (2009). The Effect of Retro-Cueing on an ERP Marker of VSTM Maintenance.

Stokes, M., Thompson, R., Cusack, R., & Duncan, J. (2009). Top-down activation of shape- specific population codes in visual cortex during mental imagery. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(5), 1565-1572.


Stokes, M. G. (2008). Task-relevant neural representations within the human brain (Doctoral dissertation, University of Cambridge).


Stokes, M. G., Chambers, C. D., Gould, I. C., English, T., McNaught, E., McDonald, O., & Mattingley, J. B. (2007). Distance-adjusted motor threshold for transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118(7), 1617-1625.


Chambers, C. D., Stokes, M. G., Janko, N. E., & Mattingley, J. B. (2006). Enhancement of visual selection during transient disruption of parietal cortex. Brain Research, 1097(1), 149-155.

Chambers, C. D., Bellgrove, M. A., Stokes, M. G., Henderson, T. R., Garavan, H., Robertson, I. H., … & Mattingley, J. B. (2006). Executive “brake failure” following deactivation of human frontal lobe. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 18(3), 444-455.


Stokes, M. G., Chambers, C. D., Gould, I. C., Henderson, T. R., Janko, N. E., Allen, N. B., & Mattingley, J. B. (2005). Simple metric for scaling motor threshold based on scalp-cortex distance: application to studies using transcranial magnetic stimulation. Journal of neurophysiology, 94(6), 4520-4527.

Chambers, C., Stokes, M. G., & Mattingley, J. B. (2005). Neurodisruption evidence for modality- specific attentional control in the human brain. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57, 47-48.

Mattingley, J., Chambers, C., Janko, N., & Stokes, M. (2005, January). Parietal mediation of attentional selection in competitive visual displays. In Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience (pp. 53-53). Five Cambridge Center, Cambridge, MA 02142 USA: Mit Press.

Stokes, M., Chambers, C., Henderson, T., Janko, N., & Mattingley, J. (2005). Distance-adjusted motor threshold provides a standard metric for transcranial magnetic stimulation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 32-32.


Chambers, C. D., Stokes, M. G., & Mattingley, J. B. (2004). Modality-specific control of strategic spatial attention in parietal cortex. Neuron, 44(6), 925-930.

Chambers, C. D., Payne, J. M., Stokes, M. G., & Mattingley, J. B. (2004). Fast and slow parietal pathways mediate spatial attention. Nature neuroscience, 7(3), 217.